Main Article Content


Due to the global health crisis, many people lost their jobs or had to accept lower compensation. To mitigate the economic constraints caused by the pandemic, people pursued entrepreneurship to help meet their basic needs. However, to become successful in the field of entrepreneurship, one must possess a high level of entrepreneurial attitude and intention. Although a considerable study had been conducted to assess the level of entrepreneurial attitude and intention, its Senior High School (SHS) level implementation had only received far less attention. Likewise, a dearth of literature assesses the level of entrepreneurial attitude and intention among Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM) SHS learners. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the level of entrepreneurial attitude and intentions of the Grade 12 ABM SHS learners. The study utilized a descriptive correlational research design. A total of 58 ABM SHS learners from NDMU-IBED, Philippines, were purposively chosen as the respondents of the study. Results revealed that the learners have a high entrepreneurial attitude and intention. Further, Spearman's correlation revealed that there was a statistically significant moderate positive correlation (p<0.05) between the two variables. These indicate that learners have a high attitude toward becoming an entrepreneur and desire to put up or start their businesses. More so, ABM SHS learners' entrepreneurial attitude can be used as a predictor of their entrepreneurial intention.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Junar S. Cano, Notre Dame of Marbel University

STEM Strand Coordinator

Carlos Gaygay, Jr., Notre Dame of Marbel University


How to Cite
Cano, J. S., Caro , H. K., Chioco, A. P., Fusingan, R. A., Matulac, K. A., Sabio , Z. J., Gaygay, C., & Pat-i, R. V. D. (2022). Entrepreneurial Attitude and Intention of ABM Senior High School Learners. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 3(5), 817-827. Retrieved from


Abun, D., Foronda, S., Agoot, F., Belandres, M., & Magal-lanez, T. (2017, December 23). Measuring entre-preneurial attitude and entrepreneurial intention of ABM grade XII, senior high school students of divine word colleges in region I, Philippines. Re-searchGate.
Allah, M. A., & Nakhaie, H. (2011). Entrepreneurship and risk – taking. International Conference on E-Business, Management and Economics, 25, 77–79.
Asmara, H. W., Djatmika, E. T., & Indrawati, A. (2016). The effect of need for achievement and risk-taking propensity on entepreunerial intention through entepreunerial attitude. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 18(6), 117–126.
Assor, A., Kaplan, H., & Roth, G. (2002). Choice is good, but relevance is excellent: Autonomy-enhancing and suppressing teacher behaviours predicting students’ engagement in schoolwork. British Jour-nal of Educational Psychology, 72(2), 261–278.
Aviram, A. (2010, January). Entrepreneurial alertness and entrepreneurial awareness - are they the same? Re-searchGate.
Caird, S. (2013, January). General measure of enterprising tendency. ResearchGate.
Catalano, R., Berglund, L., Ryan, J., Lonczak, H., & Haw-kins, J. D. (2004). Positive youth development in the united states: Research findings on evalua-tions of positive youth development programs. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591(1), 98–124.
Dahalan, N., Jaafar, M., & Mohd Rosdi, S. A. (2015). Atti-tude and entrepreneurial intention among rural community: The mediating role of entrepreneurial opportunity recognition. SHS Web of Conferences, 18, 01005.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). Self-Determination the-ory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, so-cial development, and Well-Being. American Psy-chological Association, Inc, 55(1), 68–78.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2015). Self-Determination The-ory. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Be-havioral Sciences, 486–491.
Desai, V. (2006). Dynamics of entrepreneurial develop-ment and management. Himalaya Publishing House.
Fillis, I., & Rentschler, R. (2010). The role of creativity in entrepreneurship. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 18(01), 49–81.
Fitzsimmons, J., & Douglas, E. (2005, January). Entrepre-neurial attitudes and entrepreneurial intentions: A cross-cultural study of potential entrepreneurs in India, China, Thailand and Australia. Re-searchGate.
Florin, J., Karri, R., & Rossiter, N. (2007). Fostering En-trepreneurial Drive in Business Education: An Atti-tudinal Approach. Journal of Management Educa-tion, 31(1), 17–42.
Frost, J. (2021, June 1). Spearman’s correlation explained. Statistics By Jim.
Geissler, M., Loebel, H., Kaminski, S., & Zanger, C. (2011). Take ’em in: Embedded business support to over-come critical junctures in academic spin-off teams - ProQuest. ProQuest.
Karabulut, A. (2016, August 19). Personality traits on entrepreneurial intention.Science Direct.
Kirby, L. D., Morrow, J., & Yih, J. (2014, January). The challenge of challenge: Pursuing determination as an emotion. ResearchGate.
Krueger, N. F., Reilly, M. D., & Carsrud, A. L. (2000). Com-peting models of entrepreneurial intentions. Jour-nal of Business Venturing, 15(5–6), 411–432.
Lappe, J.M. (2000). Taking the mystery out of research. Descriptive correlational design.
Liñan, F., & Chen, Y. (2009, May). Development and cross-cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. ResearchGate.
Manisha, & Singh, R. K. (2016). Students attitude toward entrepreneurship. 4th International Conference on Recent Innovations in Science Engineering and Management, 1145–1151.
Miami Business Plans. (2018, August 13). Drive, determi-nation, and passion- three keys to success in busi-ness and in life. LinkedIn.
Nota, L., Soresi, S., Ferrari, L., & Wehmeyer, M. L. (2010). A multivariate analysis of the Self-Determination of adolescents. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(2), 245–266.
Patel, S. (2015, June 16). What drives an entrepreneur. Sujan Patel.
Peng, Z., Lu, G., & Kang, H. (2012). Entrepreneurial inten-tions and its influencing factors: A survey of the University students in Xi’an China. Creative Educa-tion, 03(08), 95–100.
Phuong, T. H., & Hieu, T. T. (2015). Predictors of entre-preneurial intentions of undergraduate students in Vietnam: An empirical study. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sci-ences, 5(8), 46–55.
Pimentel, J. (2010, December). A note on the usage of Likert scaling for research data analysis. Re-searchGate.
PSA. (2021). GDP Posted a Growth of 7.7 Percent in the Fourth Quarter of 2021, Resulting in a 5.6 Percent Full-year Growth in 2021.
Ramos, A. (2014). Entrepreneurial intentions among business students in Batangas State University. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2, 1–6.
Reports, S. (2020, September 14). Entrepreneurship in the Philippines. BORGEN.
Resurreccion, P. (2011). Determinants of entrepreneuri-al attitudes and intentions among high school stu-dents in Iligan City, Southern Philippines. The Min-danao forum, 24(2), 89–117.

Robinson, P., Huefner, J., Stimpson, D., & Hunt, H. K. (1991, July). An attitude approach to the prediction of entrepreneurship. ResearchGate.
Schlaegel, C., & Koenig, M. (2013, December). Determi-nants of entrepreneurial intent: A meta-analytic test and integration of competing models. Re-searchGate.
Schwarz, E., Wdowiak, M., Almer-Jarz, D., & Breitenecker, R. (2009, May 29). The effects of attitudes and per-ceived environment conditions on students’ entre-preneurial intent: An Austrian perspective | Emer-ald Insight. ResearchGate.
Thompson, E. R. (2009). Individual entrepreneurial in-tent: Construct clarification and development of an internationally reliable metric. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 669–694.
Venesaar, U., Piliste, T., & Kolbre, E. (2006, February 2). Students’ attitudes and intentions toward entrepre-neurship at Tallinn University of Technology. Re-searchGate.’_Attitudes_and_Intentions_toward_Entrepreneur-ship_at_Tallinn_University_of_Technology