Main Article Content


This study determined the implications of strengthening community mobilization programs for building police community relations in Batangas Province and utilized a descriptive-quantitative approach with the use of a self-constructed questionnaire based on the parameters of PRO 4A MC No. 2017-02. A total of 392 respondents (15 PCADU personnel and 377 residents from the 13 certified mobilized barangays of Bauan, Batangas) were chosen as the respondents of the study through stratified proportional sampling. The data was gathered two weeks before it was completed and treated with statistical tools such as percentage, weighted mean, and independent t-test. The study revealed that most of the police personnel are Police Corporal, under 5 years in PCADU, and have acquired PCAD Course, Online PCAD Executive Course, and Preparedness Search and Rescue and Relief Operation Seminar. Meanwhile, majority of the community members belong to the middle class, businessman, and live in a rural community. Moreover, the majority of PCADU personnel described CMPs in terms of community organization, community information and education, community empowerment and mobilization, and certification of mobilized barangays as always implemented, with weighted mean of 3.24, 3.23, 3.25, and 3.27, respectively, while the community members described them as often implemented, with weighted mean of 3.18, 3.17, 3.19, and 3.21, respectively. Majority of the respondents strongly agreed on the effects of strengthening CMPs, with weighted mean of 3.29 and 3.23, respectively. The output of the study is a proposed input to help improve the sustainability of CMPs in Batangas Province based on the least-rated items.

Article Details

How to Cite
Boller-Piol, A. A., Gonzales, C. D., Malapit, K. M., Olivar, L. S., Vega, A. J., Villa , E. B., & Dalugdog, W. D. (2024). Strengthening Community Mobilization Program: Its Implication on Building Police-Community Relations. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 5(5), 1662-1692.


Adelman, Howard and Taylor, Linda (2023). Fostering School, Family, and Community Involvement. Retrieved from on July 27, 2023.
Aplasca, Ma.O R. (2017). CALABARZON PNP Community Mobilization Launched in La-guna. Retrieved from on July 6, 2023.
Bradford, B., Huq, A. Z., & Jackson, J. (2014). Community Policing and Police Legitima-cy: A Systematic Review of the Research Evidence. Journal of Experimental Crimi-nology, 10(4), 399-428.
Branca, Jonalyn A. and Sombrio, Patricia B. (2017). Level of Performance of Police Community Relation of Trece Martires City Component Police Station against Crime and Criminality. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Re-search. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Capacity Building and Training Plan (CBTP) (2019). Resilient Community Development Project. Retrieved from on July 27, 2023.
Cordner, G. W. (2018). Community Policing and Its Impact on Perceptions of Police Legitimacy. Journal of Criminal Justice, 56, 101-109.
Davis, R. C., et al. (2017). Community Policing in Action: Lessons from the Field. Policing and Society, 27(1), 48-63.
DILG CALABARZON (2017). CALABARZON PNP, DILG launch Community Mobiliza-tion Project in Cavite. Retrieved from on Ju-ly 6, 2023.
Evidence from Meta-Analysis. Journal of Exper-imental Criminology, 12(3), 297-320. Re-trieved from on May 1, 2024.
Florendo, Adelene Maghinay (2008). Police Ethics and Police Community Relations. Wiseman's Books Trading.
Foster, Lorne (2004). Community Mobilization Program. National Strategy on Communi-ty Safety and Crime Prevention. Re-trieved from on Sep-tember 17, 2022.
from on July 6, 2023.
Goff, Philip Atiba (2017). Policing in a Con-temporary Society. Retrieved from on September 17, 2022.
Haim, Dotan; Nanes, Matthew and Ravanilla, Nico (2018). The Impact of Community Policing on Attitudes and Public Safety in the Philippines. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Hermosa, Christian L. and Mabutot, Daniel M. (2017). Effectiveness of Boac Police Com-munity Relation Section in terms of Crime Prevention in the Seaside Barangays of Boac, Marinduque: Assessment. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Hough, Mike, Jackson, Jonathan and Bradford, Ben (2017). Policing, Procedural Justice and Prevention. Retrieved from May 1, 2024.
Islam, M. M. et al. (2019). Community Policing and Crime Control in Bangladesh: A Case Study of Dhaka Metropolitan Police. Asian Journal of Criminology.
Law Enforcement Action Partnership (LEAP) (2023). Police-Community Relations. Re-trieved from on July 6, 2023.
Leyaley, Julienne S. (2021). Police Community Relations Program in the Selected Baran-gay of Tabuk City. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Luzano, Sol (2017). CALABARZON PNP Com-munity Mobilization Project launched in Laguna. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Maralli, Alfonso Jr. A., Jumalon, Sally S., and Bite, Maria Louisa B. (2018). Punong Ba-rangay Tasks and Responsibilities Check-list. Retrieved from on July 27, 2023.
Meares, T. L., & Papachristos, A. V. (2018). Building Trust in High-Crime Communi-ties: An Evaluation of the Chicago Police Department's Strategic Subjects List (SSL). Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 55(2), 204-239.
Meško, G., Mesko, G., & Meško, M. (2016). The Impact of Community Policing on Police Legitimacy: A Systematic Review. Polic-ing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 39(4), 679-695.
Muscato, Christopher (2021). Police-Community Relations: Importance and Comparisons. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Nilsson, Manuela and Jonsson, Cecilia (2022). Building Relational Peace: Police-Community Relations in Post-Accord Co-lombia. Retrieved from on Ju-ly 6, 2023.
Obmerga, Bonna A. (2014). Police Community Relations in Sampaloc, Quezon. Retrieved from September 24, 2022.
Osagie, M. O. et al. (2017). Community Policing and Police Performance in Nigeria: A Case Study of Edo State Police Command. Jour-nal of Asian and African Studies.
PRO4A Memorandum Circular No. 2017-02. Community Mobilization Project. Re-trieved from on Sep-tember 17, 2022.
Ramirez, C. et al. (2015). Comparative Analysis of Community Policing Models in Latin America: Lessons for Policy and Practice. Latin American Perspectives Journal.
Roche, S., & Ransley, J. (2016). Building Safer Communities: The Role of Community Mo-bilization in Crime Prevention. Crime Pre-vention and Community Safety, 18(3), 183-201.
Rogan, R., Gurstein, M., Zuehlke, T. W., & Kha-ra, M. (2018). The Impact of Community Policing on Reducing Fear of Crime: A Sys-tematic Review. Crime Science, 7(1), 1-17.
Sanchez, Manuel and Muscato, Christopher (2023). Police-Community Relations. Re-trieved
Smith, L. et al. (2018). The Impact of Commu-nity Policing on Crime Prevention in the United Kingdom: Lessons Learned and Fu-ture Directions. European Journal of Criminology.
Subong, Pablo E. (2005). Towards a Proposed Collaboration System of Selected Learn-ing. Resource Centers in the Education and Training Units of the FP-DND. Re-trieved from on September 17, 2022.
Taniguchi, T. (2016). Community Policing in Japan: A Comparative Perspective. Jour-nal of Criminal Justice Education.
Tyler, Tom R., Goff, Phillip Atiba and MacCoun, Robert J. (2014). The Impact of Psycho-logical Science on Policing in the United States: Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and Effective Law Enforcement. Journal of Criminology. Retrieved from on September 24, 2022.
Weinstein, L., & Decker, S. H. (2018). Trust and Cooperation in Police-Community Part-nerships: A Comparison of Two US Cities. Journal of Criminal Justice, 56, 1-10.
Weisburd, D., Telep, C. W., & Lawton, B. A. (2016). Community Policing and Crime Reduction:
Zafra, Mia M. (2005). Topic Five: Mobilizing the Community for Improved Criminal Justice Administration. NAPOLCOM Tech-nical Committee on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. Retrieved from on Septem-ber 24, 2022.