Main Article Content


This study aimed to determine the level of implementation of safekeeping practices in the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology in Ipil District Jail and Ipil Women’s Dormitory Jail of Zamboanga Sibugay during calendar year 2018-2019. This study made use of non-experimental quantitative research design utilizing descriptive, frequency count, percentage and mean. It also utilized modified questionnaire in gathering the result. There were 127 inmates and 50 Bureau of Jail Management and Penology personnel utilized as respondents of the study. The main statistical tools used were frequency count, percentage, mean computation, t-test, analysis of variance and Pearson r Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation. The study revealed that there were more male inmates as compared to the females. Majority of the index crimes committed by the inmates were murder while on the non-index crimes, majority were charged against possession of illegal drugs. The security practices were always implemented by the two Jail under study which included the following: Commitment Order and Segregation of Prisoners or Detainees, Reception Procedures, and Disciplinary Boards and Punishable Acts of Inmates, Treatment of Inmates with Special Needs, Custody, Security and Control Emergency Plans, Movement and Transfer of Prisoners and Detainees, Rights, Privileges and Miscellaneous Provisions, and Inmates Welfare and Development Functions. There was no significant difference between the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and inmate’s ratings on the implementation of commitment order and segregation of inmates or detainees. However, there was a significant difference between the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and inmates’ rating on the rest of the safekeeping practices. Indeed, there was a significant relationship between the safekeeping practices and the level of Implementation of these practices. The researcher recommends that the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology implementation of safekeeping practices be continued and sustained.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nicholas, E. D., Pallega, R. B., & Comecilla, M. O. (2022). Level of Implementation of Safekeeping Practices in the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 3(6), 1109-1127.


Amendola et al (2012). A Model Crime Assessment. A published Master Thesis Cebu Normal University.
Aranjuez N. (2017) Level of Implementation of Dapitan City Jail Pre-Release Programs. JRMSU Graduate Thesis
Banay, R.S., (2015). Immaturity and Crime, American Journal of Psychiatry.
Bestre, S. C. (2016). Handbook on institutional correc-tion. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Baguio, Philippines
Breach J. M., (2010). Introduction Globalization and Tra-ditional Criminology. New York.
Bureau of Jail Management and Penology Comprehen-sive Operations Manual revised on 2015. Re-trieved from
Cruzat M. et al (2015) Classification of Inmates in Batan-gas Provincial Jail, Philippines. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities
Fox, R.J., (2008). The Influence of Personality on Social Non-Conformity, Journal of Criminology and Polit-ical Science.
Grieve, et al., (2010) Critical Incident: Investigation Management and Training (A Handbook)
Johnson, L. (2014). Prison Ministry. Journal of Criminol-ogy and Justice. Vol. 8.
Kutash, S.B., (2009). Encyclopedia of Criminology, New York.
Lindner, R.M., (2007). Handbook of Correctional Psy-chology, New York.

Ludek, L. (2016). Theoretical Sources for a Theory of Safety and Security. SECURWARE: The Tenth Inter-national Conference on Emerging Security Infor-mation, Systems and Technologies. Retrieved on April 14, 2021 from
Morales, D.T., (2009). Penal Institution of the Philippines in the 21st Century, Wiseman Book Trading, Copy-right 2009
Palompon (2013). Youth Risks and Crimes. Un-published Master’s Thesis Cebu normal Universi-ty.
Republic Act no. 6975. Retrieved from
Robert, M. L., (2007). Handbook of Correctional Psy-chology, New York.
Seliger, R. V., (2007). Encyclopedia of Correctional Psy-chology, New York.
Shacfer, R., (2015). Sociology MacGraw Hill Publishing Inc. New York
Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. Retrieved from
Torralba, A. D., (2014). Penal Institution in the Philip-pines: A Comparative Study, Wiseman Book Trad-ing, Copyright 2014.
Trillana et. al., (2007). BJMP Manual Revise of 2007 book II. chapter 1
US Department of Justice National Institute of Correc-tions (2009) Retrieved from
Weels, V. M., (2014). The Frustration-Aggression Hy-pothesis in Corrections, The Quarter play Journal of the Florida Arcade of Sciences
Wislow B., (2007). Comparative Study of Crime and So-ciety. Published Thesis of the University of the Ba-guio. Baguio City