Main Article Content


People with limited or no communication skills can use the Picture Exchange Communication System, or PECS, to communicate visually. Based on an evaluation of the functional communication skills of students with Down syndrome, this study investigated the profile of the respondents, the respondents' level of implementation of the Picture Exchange Communication System for students with Down Syndrome, the level of effectiveness of using the Picture Exchange Communication System, and the connection between these variables. The descriptive correlational research method was used for the study. The study's respondents were special education teachers from various schools in NCR. The study's respondents were chosen through the use of purposeful sampling. Frequency count, percentage, mean, weighted mean, and the chi-square test were used to tabulate and evaluate the data collected. The respondents are aged 38 on average, with more females than males. The majority of the instructors has bachelor's degrees in early childhood special education. Additionally, it was discovered that these teachers had been working in the field for an average of 7 years. The picture exchange communication system for kids with down syndrome is being used by these teachers to a very high degree, according to the research on its deployment. Based on the evaluation of the functional communication abilities of students with down syndrome, the picture exchange communication system (PECS) is rated as fair or emerging in terms of its effectiveness. Significant relationship was also observed between age and the level of effectiveness, Gender and extent of implementation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nolasco, M. N. P. (2022). SPED Teachers’ Extent of Implementing Picture Exchange Communication System: It’s Effect on the Functional Communication Skills of Learners with Down Syndrome. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 3(9), 1812-1820.


Patterson, D (Jul 2009). "Molecular genetic analysis of Down syndrome". Human Genetics. 126 (1): 195–214.
Kent, R. & Vorperian, H. (2013). Speech Impairment in Down Syndrome: A Review. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 56(1): 178–210.
Barbosa, R. et al. (2018). Augmentative and alternative communication in children with Down’s syn-drome: a systematic review. BMC Pediatrics, 18(160).
Lee, H., Hur, E., & Kim, H. (2022). The effects of par-ent-implemented picture exchange communica-tion system (PECS) training on communication skills for children with autism spectrum disorder and parenting stress for parents. Korean Journal of Special Education, 56(4), 307–335.
Park, J. H., Alber-Morgan, S. R., & Cannella-Malone, H. (2018). Effects of mother-implemented picture ex-change communication system (PECS) training on independent communicative behaviors of young children with autism spectrum disorders. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 31(1), 37–47.
Howlin, P., Gordon, R. K., Pasco, G., Wade, A., & Charman, T. (2017). The effectiveness of picture exchange communication system (PECS) training for teachers of children with autism: A Pragmatic, group Randomised Controlled Trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(5), 473–481.
Drozdiel, S. L. (2022). Effectiveness of the picture ex-change communication system for preschool chil-dren with special needs. Retrieved July 29, 2022, from
Kim, E.-K. (2017). Experience and support needs on the teaching subjects of Elementary School Special Classroom Teachers. Special Education Research, 16(1), 65.
Nyagah, G & Gathumbi,A. (2017). Influence of teacher characteristics on the implementation of non-formal basic education curriculum at the non-formal education centres in Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu Cities, Kenya. International Journal of Ed-ucation and Research, 5(1), 207-221.
Rajesh Shah, S., & Udgaonkar, U. S. (2018). Influence of gender and age of teachers on teaching: Students perspective. International Journal of Current
Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(1), 2436–2441.
Bodhe C. D., and Jankar D. S. Teaching effectiveness: how do students evaluate their teacher? Interna-tional J. of healthcare and Biomedical Research, Volume 63, Issue: 02, January 2015. Pp. 155-159.
Coggshall, J. G., Behrstock-Sherratt, E., Drill, K., Menon, R., & Cushing, E. (2011, April). Workplaces that support high-performing teaching and learning: Insights from Generation Y teachers. [Report] American Institutes for Research & American Fed-eration of Teachers
McCoy, A. and McNaughton, D. (2018). Training educa-tion professionals to use the Picture Exchange Communication System: A review of the literature. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 12(3), 667–676.