Main Article Content


This study examined the discourses in the State of the City Addresses (SOCAs) of the former Mayor Davao City Sara Duterte-Carpio. Specifically, the rhetorical expressions, semantic expressions, linguistic features, and classifications of ideologies in the political discourses were explored. Through a Critical Discourse Analysis, the researchers explored the use of language and the ideologies represented in such. Findings show that the SOCAs of former Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte-Carpio contained a variety of rhetorical expressions and discourse patterns. The researchers also found significant results about semantic macrostructures, which vary from one speech to another. The ideology of positive Us was also represented through powerful statements that show the importance of former Mayor Sara's leadership, administration, projects, and all people involved in her success. The researchers conclude that the former Davao City Mayor used words powerfully to highlight essential accomplishments and to express the value of the critical actors that made these achievements possible.


Article Details

How to Cite
Aperocho, M. D. B., Flores, S. A., Gabisan, J. G., & Ygay, N. J. B. (2023). A Critical Discourse Analysis of Former Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte’s State of the City Addresses (SOCAs). International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 4(8), 2718-2734.


Ancho, Inero Valbuena, et al. “Education and the nation state: An analysis of Philippine presidential speeches. ”JurnalStudiPe-merintahan, vol. 11, no. 1, 2020, pp. 63-78,
Born, Andreas, Pieter van Eck and Magnus Jo-hannesson. “An Experimental Investiga-tion of Election Promises.”Political Psy-chology, vol. 39, no. 3, 2017, pp. 685-705.
Chouliaraki, L., and Norman Fairclough. Dis-course in Late Modernity: Rethinking Crit-ical Discourse Analysis. e-book, Edinburgh University Press, 1999.
Crystal, David. Critical discourse analy-sis.Longman,1994.
De Guzman, Kyle. “What are Rhetorical Ap-peals – The Art of Persuasion Explained.” StudioBinder, 2022,
Devanadera, A.C., and Ericson Alieto. “Speech act analysis of Duterte’scommemorative speeches.”Science International (Lahore), vol.3, no. 3, 2019, pp. 13-520.
Fairclough, Norman. Critical Discourse Analy-sis: The Critical Study of Language (2nd Edition).e-book, Routledge, 2010.
Fairclough, Norman. Discourse and Social Change.e-book, Polity, 2005.
Giuliani, Rudolph.Leadership. e-book, Little, Brown & Company, 2002.
Hashim, SuhairSafwat Mohammed. “Speech acts in selected political speeches. Journal of Modern Education Review, vol. 5, no. 7, 2015, pp. 699-706,
Hurford, James, Brendan Heasley, and Michael Smith (2007). Semantics a Coursebook (2nd Edition). e-book, Cambridge Univer-sity Press, 2007, /2019/05/semantics.pdf.
Jasim, Samir Abdulhasan.“An analysis of meta-phor in selected political speeches.”
Journal University of Kerbala, vol. 16, no. 3, 2018, pp. 16-25.
Justova, Veronika. Direct and indirect speech acts in English. 2006.MasarykUniversity in Brno.
Kolzow, David. “Leading from within: Building organizational leadership capacity.”2014,
Kulo, Lena. "Linguistic Features in Political Speeches-How Language can be Used to Impose Certain Moral or Ethical Values on Peo-ple."DigitalaVetenskapligaArkivet,2009.
Little, William. Introduction to Sociology- 1st Canadian Edition. e-book, OpenEd, 2012.
Lorch Jr., R.F.“Macrostructure in discourse comprehension.” International Encyclo-pedia of the Social and Behavioral Scienc-es, 2001,
Louwerse, Max and ArthurGraesser. Macro-structure. The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2006.
Masjedi, Narges and ShamalaParamasivam. “Complaint and politeness strategies used by Iranian speakers of Eng-lish.”International Journal of Applied Lin-guistics and English Literature, vol. 7, no. 4,
Nordquist, Richard. “Sound bites in communi-cation.” ThoughtCo, 2020.
Putri, DwimaJupriadi, et al.“ Speech acts po-liteness in asking and answering ques-tions in discussion of students at Madras-ah Tsanawiyah Negeri.”Advances in So-cial Science, Education and Humanities Research, 2019,
Radden, Günter and Kovecses, Z. “Towards a theory of metonymy.” The Cognitive Lin-guistics Reader, 335-359,
Schmerling, Susan.“Rhetorical meaning.” Lin-guistics Frontiers, vol. 1, no. 1, 2018, pp. 55-64.
Sicat, Gerardo.“SONA: Analysis, vision, expec-tations and reality.” Foundation for Eco-nomic Freedom, 2016,
Song, Sohoo. “Politeness in Korea and Ameri-ca: A comparative analysis of request strategy in English communication.”Korea Journal, vol. 54, no. 1, 2014, pp. 60-84,
Thomas, Jenny.Meaning in interaction: An in-troduction to pragmatics. e-book, Routledge, 1995.
Thompson, Cat. 2005. “The power of lan-guage.” Experience Life, 2020,
van Dijk, Teun. Critical Discourse Analysis- The handbook of discourse analysis. e-book, Blackwell Publishing, 2003.
Wang, Junling. “A critical discourse analysis of Barack Obama's speeches.” Journal of Language Teaching and Research, vol. 1, no. 3, 2010, pp. 254-261,
Wilson, John. (2008) "Political Discourse." The handbook of discourse analysis. Ed. Debo-rah Tannen, Heidi E. Hamilton Deborah Schiffrin, Blackwell Publishers.