Main Article Content


Curriculum changes are a must. In fact, the very fast development of science and technology no longer supports the world of education to linger with the "comfort zone" of the applicable curriculum. Popularly known as the merdeka belajar kampus merdeka, this policy is to realize a flexible learning process, create innovative, non-restrictive learning, according to student needs, encourage students to master various sciences that are useful for entering the world, as well as provide opportunities for students to determine their subjects. the course he will take. The problems of implementing the independent learning curriculum are 1) Collaboration Mechanisms between Islamic Universities and Study Programs with External Parties, 2) Acceleration of State Universities (PTN) Go International with the policy of PTN Legal Entities (PTN-BH), 3) Internship Mechanisms Outside the Program Policy Studies internship for 3 semesters outside the study program and PT.

Article Details

Author Biography

Jelita Panjaitan, Universitas Darma Agung, Medan, Indonesia

Universitas Darma Agung

How to Cite
Sihombing, H. B. M., & Panjaitan, J. (2023). Challenges in Implementing the Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka in High-er Education. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 4(8), 2716-2723.


Amalia, M. (2021). Challenges and efforts of legal education in the pandemic time in improving the role of education through Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka. International Conference on Education of Suryakancana (IConnects Proceedings).
Andari, S., Windasari, W., Setiawan, A., & Rifqi, A. (2021). Student exchange program of merdeka belajar-kampus merdeka (MBKM) in Covid-19 pandemic. JPP (Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran), 28(1), 30–37.
Anggraeni, F. N. (2023). Independence Learning Policy Survey: How is the Response of the Academic Community in Higher Education? AKADEMIK: Jurnal Mahasiswa Humanis, 3(1), 31–40.
Anis, M., & Anwar, C. (2020). Self-organized learning environment teaching strategy for ELT in Merdeka Belajar concept for high school students in Indonesia. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 5(2), 199–204.
Arbarini, M., & Siswanto, Y. (2023). Strategy And Implementation Of “Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka” At The Department Of Non-Formal Education, Universitas Negeri Semarang. Novateur Publications, 5, 48–56.
Defrizal, D., Redaputri, A. P., Narundana, V. T., Nurdiawansyah, N., & Dharmawan, Y. Y. (2022a). The Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka Program: An Analysis of the Success Factors. Nusantara: Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 2(1), 123–140.
Defrizal, Redaputri, A. P., Narundana, V. T., Nurdiawansyah, & Dharmawan, Y. Y. (2022b). Institutional Model Design for the Implementation of the Program Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (Merdeka Learning Program-Merdeka Campus or MBKM). Studies in Learning and Teaching, 3(1), 28–35.
Fuadi, T. M., & Aswita, D. (2021). Merdeka belajar kampus merdeka (Mbkm): bagaimana penerapan dan kedala yang dihadapi oleh perguruan tinggi swasta di Aceh. Jurnal Dedikasi Pendidikan, 5(2), 603–614.
Hasanah, U. (2022). Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka: Tantangan dan Prospek Kedepan. TAFAHUS: JURNAL PENGKAJIAN ISLAM, 2(1), 26–40.
Ingtias, F. T., Ampera, D., Farihah, F., Amal, B. K., & Purba, A. S. (2022). Implementation of Teaching Practitioners In Improving The Quality of Learning and Implementing The Curriculum Merdeka Belajar. Jurnal Studi Guru Dan Pembelajaran, 5(2), 157–169.
Kande, F. A. (2022). Rebalancing Kebijakan Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka. TRI PANJI, Liberal Arts Journal, 1(1), 1–14.
Krishnapatria, K. (2021). Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) curriculum in English studies program: Challenges and opportunities. ELT in Focus, 4(1), 12–19.
Lhutfi, I., & Mardiani, R. (2020). Merdeka Belajar - Kampus Merdeka Policy: How Does It Affect the Sustainability on Accounting Education in Indonesia? Dinamika Pendidikan, 15(2), 243–253.
Maipita, I., Dalimunthe, M. B., & Sagala, G. H. (2021). The Development Structure of the Merdeka Belajar Curriculum in the Industrial Revolution Era. International Conference on Strategic Issues of Economics, Business and, Education (ICoSIEBE 2020), 145–151.

Marpaung, F. D. N., Syarif, H., & Zainil, Y. (2022). Exploring Challenges in Implementing a Merdeka Belajar KAMPUS MERDEKA Curriculum: A Qualitative Analysis of Students’ Perceptions. Proceeding of International Conference on Language Pedagogy (ICOLP), 2(1), 138–142.
Nurtjahyati, S. D., & Sukisno, S. (2021). Challenges and Expectations in the “Freedom of Learning - Independent Campus” Program for Higher Education Managers. Praniti Wiranegara (Journal on Research Innovation and Development in Higher Education), 1(1), 40–46.
Pietra, J. L., Soeswatika, A. W., Rabbani, I. N., Nafa, I. N. A., & Purwanto, E. (2021). The Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka Program: Benefits, Interests, and Challenges Case Study at the Psychology Study Program at a Private University. Health, 10(5), 14.
Purwanti, E. (2021). Preparing the Implementation of Merdeka Belajar – Kampus Merdeka Policy in Higher Education Institutions. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Social, Humanity, and Education (ICoSIHESS 2020), 384–391.
Rohiyatussakinah, I. (2021). Implementation of MBKM and the Relationship of Curriculum Policy based on a Case of EFL Education in Japan. Journal of English Language Teaching and Literature (JELTL), 4(2), 39–50.
Rohman, A., Azizah, N., Elmubarok, Z., Quthni, D., & Nabila, A. (2022). The Design Of Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka Curriculum At State And Private Higher Education In Central Java (Review of Islamic Religious Education Curriculum). Edukasi Islami: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 11(4).
Sagala, P. N., & Widyastuti, E. (2021). Development of Junior High School Mathematics E-Modules Based on Project Based Learning Integrated by Merdeka Belajar. 6th Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2021), 891–897.
Sampelolo, R., & Kombong, M. T. (2022). The Future Of English Language Teaching And Learning Through “Merdeka Belajar - Kampus Merdeka” (Mbkm): A Systematic Review. Klasikal : Journal Of Education, Language Teaching AND SCIENCE, 4(1), 40–46.
Sihombing, A. A., Anugrahsari, S., Parlina, N., & Kusumastuti, Y. S. (2021). “ Merdeka Belajar” in an Online Learning during the COVID-19 Outbreak: Concept and Implementation. Asian Journal of University Education, 17(4), 35–45.
Supriati, R., Royani Dewi, E., Triyono, Supriyanti, D., & Azizah, N. (2022). Implementation Framework for Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) in Higher Education Academic Activities. IAIC Transactions on Sustainable Digital Innovation (ITSDI), 3(2), 150–161.
Yudhawasthi, C. M., & Christiani, L. (2022). Challenges of Higher Educational Documentary Institutions in Supporting Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka Program. Khizanah Al-Hikmah : Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan, Informasi, Dan Kearsipan, 9(2), 193.
Yuhastina, Y., Parahita, B. N., Astutik, D., Ghufronudin, G., & Purwanto, D. (2020). Sociology Teachers’ Opportunities and Challenges in Facing “Merdeka Belajar” Curriculum in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0). Society, 8(2), 732–753.
Yusuf, F. (2021). The independent campus program for higher education in Indonesia: The role of government support and the readiness of institutions, lecturers, and students. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 12(2), 280–304.
Zakiyyah, Z., Cahyani, M. D., & Fatnah, N. (2021). Readiness of the Science Education Study Program in the Implementation of the ‘Merdeka Belajar - Kampus Merdeka’ (MBKM) Curriculum. Scientiae Educatia, 10(2), 160.